Is pricing one way to to stand out from your competition? Yes it is.
You’re now faced with many other challenges, because it’s not as simple as just using the lowest price possible when you market your wares. There are RRPs, MAPs and many other pricing guidelines that govern what you’re able to—and supposed to—do.
Do you know how to expertly navigate this field of your business to ensure you align with suppliers’ requirements while still benefiting your bottom line? This article explains vital terms and concepts, as well as the application of them. Learn to manage recommended retail price guidelines and other pricing structures with more finesse and efficiency; all to benefit your business.
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What Does RRP Stand for?
RRP is the short term used when referring to ‘recommended retail price’. But the industry also uses various other terminologies. We listed them so you’ll be clear on the matter the next time you’re reading reports or articles:
- List price
- Manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP)
- Suggested retail price (SRP)
These terms are most often relevant to resellers’ work methods because it’s the guideline sellers, manufacturers and distributors give them relating to pricing their stock. A RRP is the price sellers suggest the reseller should sell the item in question for.
The suggested retail price system is one of the methods that help industries and manufacturers standardize prices, especially relevant in industries where an item is sold in different stores or areas. It’s a popular method in the auto industry as well as consumer appliances, though you’ll come across it in many others too.
The question is how these guidelines should be implemented for the long term success of your company.
How is RRP Set?
It’s important to clarify that the manufacturer’s suggested retail price is NOT the following:
- It’s not the minimum price you’re allowed to ask for a product
- It’s not the true cost of manufacturing of the item
Manufacturers research what the best recommended retail price should be, because they want the item to perform well in the market. They already calculate markups into the RRPs, keeping in mind that any sale must benefit the reseller in order to give them a reason to act as distributor and keep on ordering more stock.
RRP vs MAP
There are many other pricing acronyms and abbreviations you’ll also come across in the reselling industry. These should not be confused with the RRP price, because they describe a vastly different expectation from the seller. One of these important terms is ‘MAP’.
MAP refers to the minimum advertised price and it’s a policy most often put in place by manufacturers. This term will often be referred to in the agreement between seller and reseller where the latter agrees not to advertise the relevant product at any price lower than the MAP.
This is different from RRP, which is simply a suggestion of an appropriate retail price.
There are many reasons why the idea of MAPs is viewed as a positive aspect in retail. It gives smaller businesses a chance to compete with larger established brands and provides the opportunity for all sellers to make a profit from selling the item; otherwise, why would resellers be interested in stocking the item? If no one is allowed to advertise below a certain price, large retailers with more capital can’t lower their prices so vastly that smaller retailers have no chance to attract customers.
Guidelines like these promote fair competition, empowering small businesses to gain momentum and grow. MAP also carries value for manufacturers that need to protect their brand value. If retailers drop advertised prices considerably, simply to attract buyers, it could hurt the reputation and undermine the brand in the marketplace.
But it’s important to look at this term in detail, specifically the word ‘advertised’.
Note that a seller does not have the right to tell a reseller at what price an item must be sold, whether online or in a physical store. An agreement between the parties containing mention of a MAP only stipulates what the reseller is allowed to market at, whether in online advertisements, printed ads or posters in the store.
But the MAP guidelines don’t prevent a seller from eventually charging a lower price for the item. Selling at a lower rate can take place—no matter the advertised price—in circumstances such as the following, just to name a few:
- Discounts awarded once an online shopping cart has been finalized
- Awarding ‘two for the price of one’ special offers
- Negotiating prices with customers once they engage online or in person
So, MAPs relate much more to advertised prices than what end users will necessarily pay during the transactions.
For any retailer, it’s important to monitor competitors’ prices, which is why services such as the ones provided by Sniffie are invaluable to reaching business goals. Knowing exactly where the competition’s price levels are, whether MAPs apply or not, is the only way your business can stay relevant in the modern market.
MAPs are especially helpful to brick and mortar stores, because they have more overhead costs than eCommerce businesses. An online retailer could drop its prices and still make profit much easier than the store down the road. Without MAPs set in place, land based stores would find it difficult to draw clients.
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How to Effectively Use Recommended Retail Price as a Reseller
As a reseller, your pricing plays an important role in reaching your business goals, so it’s not to be taken lightly or done impulsively. But many resellers use the RRP price when it comes to pricing because they don’t have the time nor the resources to determine the best price to charge.
Important tip: partnering with price monitoring vendors will empower such a retailer to be proactive in picking more competitive pricing.
Is the Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price
Your Best Option?
When you use the provided list price, you have a good chance of being on par with many of your competitors. But that doesn’t guarantee that customers will pick you above the rest, does it? For this reason many retailers opt for one of the following:
Charging more than the RRP: You can charge a price slightly above the MSRP, in order to increase your profit margin. If you already have a loyal customer base following you, you may still sell the items at a higher price than the competition, even if you’re not the cheapest on the market. You can also use this approach with items you know are very popular, with consumers willing to pay a little extra to be included in a current trend. But remember to invest in price monitoring, because you run the risk of losing customers whenever you become one of the more expensive vendors in your niche.
Charging less than the RRP: As stated, a manufacturer doesn’t have legal rights to stipulate exactly what a reseller charges for a certain item. Thanks to this, you’re eligible to charge a slightly lower price than the RRP price. This makes good business sense when you’re trying to attract buyers or if you’re trying to get rid of excess stock.
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Using the Recommended Retail Price as a Starting Point
As mentioned, agreements between manufacturers and resellers often stipulate guidelines about MSRPs. One such rule may be that even if the RRP isn’t charged, the reseller needs to display it. A common occurrence in the motor vehicle industry is to mention the RRP in the car’s specification documentation or in its window while it’s on display.
Consumers can therefore see the RRP, so the reseller is operating legally, but now the price is simply used as a starting point to negotiate a price. Store discounts, trade-ins of another vehicle or other factors will determine the price the new owner eventually pays.
For car dealerships—and many other industries—it’s therefore important to check the competition’s true prices. A retailer can never assume that its competition will charge the MSRP.
Correct Advertising of Recommended Retail Prices
As can be seen with MAPs discussed above, wording plays an important role in any business. When it comes to recommended retail price advertising, you also have to pick your words wisely.
You can advertise an item at a lower price than the manufacturer’s suggested retail price, but you also need to use price monitoring to gauge what your industry is doing at the moment. You need to know if anyone else is actually using the MSRP price. If all vendors are selling at rates below the RRP and you’re marketing your price as a ‘sale price’—simply because it’s slightly below the listing price—this could be viewed as false advertising.
The Manipulation of the Recommended Retail Price
There’s an additional way that manufacturers and resellers can use the RRP to ensure high profits for all involved. This list price can be manipulated to be exceptionally high, long before the item reaches the shelves for consumers to purchase. In this scenario, manufacturers, distributors and resellers select this high rate because they want the alluring theme of ‘sales’ to attract buyers.
This is where the psychology of retail comes into play.
Many consumers may purchase items purely because they believe they’re getting an exceptional deal.
Here’s the scenario: the RRP is set much higher than the total cost of producing, packaging and shipping the item to retail stores. Resellers can then drop the price well below the recommended retail price and still make profit. They mention in their advertising that it’s a ‘below RRP sale’ and so impress buyers by giving them the impression that they’re getting a bargain.
Once again, you can see the importance of doing proper research of your competition’s pricing, in which case price monitoring service providers like Sniffie are wise to partner with.
Suggested Pricing Methods: What’s the Problem?
It’s clear from many of the mentioned guidelines that pricing methods are often put in place to create a fair market for all. But at the same time it creates challenges for both retailers and consumers.
Retailers are limited in how competitive they can be, because they can’t always use pricing to impress their target market as much as they would like to. They must be careful in how they advertise their wares if they don’t want to face legal repercussions.
Consumers suffer when manufacturers set the suggested retail price at an unnecessary high level. They may simply find it impossible to pay such high rates, or it can affect many people’s ability to maintain a certain lifestyle.
Of course, the consumer’s predicament of not being able to afford items will compound the reseller’s scenario. There will be low sales figures across the board, with smaller businesses finding it much more difficult to manage the matter than their larger competitors.
Finding the ideal price to charge requires in depth market research and price monitoring to keep on being the preferred supplier to consumers.
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You can see that when it comes to pricing, in depth knowledge and understanding is vital. So consider: how well are you managing pricing and do you think you can improve?
The good news: Sniffie’s team members are experts in the field and can help you navigate this intricate aspect of business.
Contact us and let’s talk; together we can maximize your profits!
Most frequent questions and answers
The recommended retail price (RRP), also known as the suggested retail price (SRP), is the price that a manufacturer or supplier suggests retailers use to sell a product. It’s designed to standardize prices of products across different locations and stores, making it easier for customers to compare prices. However, retailers are not legally obliged to adhere to the RRP and may choose to sell the product at a different price.
RRP stands for Recommended Retail Price. It’s the price that a manufacturer or wholesaler suggests a retailer should charge for a particular product. This price typically includes a reasonable profit margin for the retailer, but the retailer can decide to sell the product for more or less than the RRP.
Setting a suggested retail price involves several steps:
Calculate your costs: This includes both direct costs (like materials and labor) and indirect costs (like overheads).
Determine your wholesale price: This is the price you charge retailers, typically covering your costs and a profit margin.
Add Retail Markup: Retail markup is usually expressed as a percentage over the wholesale price. This percentage varies by industry and product type, but it generally falls between 25% to 50%.
Set the RRP: The suggested retail price is typically the wholesale price plus the retail markup.
The average retail price is the median price at which a particular product is sold at retail stores. It’s calculated by adding together all the prices at which the product is sold across various retail outlets and then dividing by the number of prices collected. It provides a broad estimate of the price a consumer can expect to pay at retail stores.
The Recommended Retail Price (RRP) is the price a manufacturer or supplier suggests a retailer should charge consumers. It’s often communicated publicly and aims to maintain consistent pricing across various retail outlets.
On the other hand, an internal recommended retail price is a price point determined within a specific retail organization for its internal reference. It may not align with the manufacturer’s RRP and could be influenced by the retailer’s own costs, market strategy, competition, and perceived value to the customer. This price is not typically made public.